Activities

Open letter to Enlarged Board of Appeal of the EPO

Stop the patenting of plants and animals derived from conventional breeding!

Stop the abuse of european patent lawIn March 2019, the President of the European Patent Office (EPO) raised two questions at the Enlarged Board of Appeal of the EPO concerning patents on plants and animals derived from conventional breeding. The Enlarged Board of Appeal will now deal with these questions. Until 1 October 2019 statements can be filed.  NO PATENTS ON SEEDS! filed a detailed legal argumentation on these questions.

If you want to support the demand to stop the patenting of plants and animals derived from conventional breeding, you can sign the open letter below online until 25 September 2019. Alternatively you can print the letter as a pdf (see below) and send it to „Keine Patente auf Saatgut!“ / Frohschammerstraße 14 / 80807 Munich, Germany. The letters and the signatures will then be handed over to the EPO until 1 October 2019.

Organizations, who want to support the letter, are kindly asked to send an email to johanna.eckhardt@no-patents-on-seeds.org.

Detailed info about the questions to the Enlarged Board of Appeal can be found in the background document.

Re: Patentability of plants and animals (G03/19)

Dear Members of the Enlarged Board of Appeal

The two questions raised by the President of the European Patent Office (EPO) should be answered with YES for the following reasons:

Democratically legitimized political control of the correct interpretation of European patent law should not be undermined by EPO decision-making. In this case, the power of the Administrative Council, based on the support of all 38 contracting states, cannot simply be overruled by decisions taken by a technical body at the EPO.

Consequently, the European Patent Office has to make sure that all processes used in conventional breeding and all plants and animals derived thereof are not subject to any patent claims.

Genetic engineering enables direct technical interventions in the genome. This is profoundly different from conventional breeding which starts from and works with a high level of genetic diversity, using all kinds of variations and mutations through further crossing and selection.

Genetic diversity as used in conventional breeding may be derived from native traits, existing plant varieties or from induced random mutations. If patents are granted on processes of genetic engineering, such patents clearly have to be restricted to technical and targeted processes. Access to genetic material as well as plants and animals derived from conventional breeding should not be hampered by patents.

 

With kind regards

Downloads

Statement of the Signatory Organisations to the Enlarged Board of Appeal

Background

Letter from NO PATENTS ON SEEDS! to Enlarged Board of Appeal

Press release Statement to EPO, case G3-19 (1 October 2019)

Signatory Organisations (list is continuously updated)

Aktion Agrar – Landwende jetzt e.V.

Arbeitsgemeinschaft bäuerliche Landwirtschaft e.V.

Arbeitsgemeinschaft der Umweltbeauftragten der Gliedkirchen der Evangelischen Kirche in Deutschland

ARCHE NOAH - Gesellschaft für die Erhaltung der Kulturpflanzenvielfalt und ihre Entwicklung

Asociación Vida Sana

BioForum Vlaanderen

Bioverband Erde & Saat

BUND Naturschutz in Bayern e.V.

Bundesverband Naturkost Naturwaren (BNN) e.V.

Compassion in World Farming

Coalition against BAYER-Danger

COPA-COGECA

Corporate Europe Observatory

Die Freien Bäcker - Zeit für Verantwortung e.V.

European Consortium for Organic Plant Breeding

FIAN Germany e.V.

Four Pawns International

Frøsamlerne - Danish Seed Savers

Fundacji AgriNatura / Foundation AgriNatura for Agricultural Biodiversity

GAIA - Environmental Action and Intervention Group

Gen-ethical Network

IFOAM EU

Inštitut za trajnostni razvoj / Institute for Sustainable Development

Katholische Landvolk Bewegung Freiburg

Kein Patent auf Leben

Københavns Fødevarefællesskab

Landbauschule Dottenfelderhof e.V. - Forschung und Züchtung

No Patents on Seeds!

OpenSourceSeeds

Österreichische Klein- und Bergbäuer_innen Vereinigung - Via Campesina Austria

Oxfam

Peliti - Alternative Community

Pesticide Action Network UK

Plataforma Transgénicos Fora

ProSpecieRara

Public Eye

Saat:gut e.V.

Sambucus e.V.

Sativa Rheinau AG

Save our Seeds (SOS)

Sinergia Animal

Slow Food Europe

Społeczny Instytut Ekologiczny / Social Ecological Institute

SwissAid

Umweltinstitut München e.V.

Verband Katholisches Landvolk e.V.

WeMove Europe

Yeryüzü derneği / Earth Association

Zukunftsstiftung Landwirtschaft